Yes and No. The Government of Indonesia’s 2010 census is digital(-ish). For example, they publish data in tabular form on a number of topics, such as this table on Population by Age Group and Citizenship for Maluku Province.
I don’t think that they have an API to access these data, unfortunately.
As for the census itself (and the questions it uses)… sadly, no. This is precisely why I started re-creating it. I have copies of the physical forms used to collect data from across several years, going back to the early 1980’s, but that’s about it. While my work is only beginning (and now only a proof of concept), I was planning to work through a good part of the census and convert it to inputs. After that, I intend to work out a way to select relevant subsets of census questions (coupled with data collected by local government and not in the census) to inform baseline socio-economic profiles of local areas.
I fear that I’m trying to cover too much ground here and really ought to sit down and be methodical in the write-up, so I’ll try to wrap things up quickly.
In 2013, I used Excel Visual Basic macros to re-create the tables from the reporting PDF for local Maluku governments, one of which is covered in the MTB notebook I linked above. The outcomes were less than perfect, and all the data had to be manually verified and then re-compiled into a single data sheet containing all indicators, across multiple years. A year of working on this and I never really finished. Data would overlap and be different as reported in one publication to the next, one year to the next; the local data rarely tied in to the census; and the census seems to report on only a fraction of the information it collects (as summary figures).
Let’s see! Maybe something is possible. It’s great that Indonesia has an open data policy and that super-local reports are accessible. It’s a shame that these data are not structured or systematically collected… but maybe we can change all of this. I’ll keep you posted!